The toys think Woody should stay with them at Sunnyside, but Woody reluctantly leaves without them to return to Andy. He escapes from Sunnyside using a kite, but ends up losing his hat and getting stuck in a tree. Woody is found by a little girl from the daycare named Bonnie Anderson and taken home without his hat.
After Woody leaves, the rest of the toys are placed in the Caterpillar Room at the daycare and are looking forward to getting played with. However, while Andy's toys place themselves at points around the room where they'll be easily noticed, Buzz realizes that the toys already in the nursery are hiding. Buzz starts to get worried, and his fears turn out to be well founded as the Caterpillar Room is suddenly filled with young toddlers who have no sense of good behavior and play with the toys very roughly with Buzz used as a mallet, Jessie used as a paintbrush and the aliens used by one child to bounce on, etc.
Pricklepants the hedgehog, DollyChuckles the ClownButtercup the unicorn, and Totoro and spends the rest of the day being played with by Bonnie, who takes good care of her toys and plays imaginative games. Meanwhile, after the children have gone home, the toys are left dirty, bent out of shape, and quite gloomy.
Buzz talks to Lotso about transferring them to the Butterfly Room with the more sensible, older children. However, Lotso only offers a transfer for Buzz himself, and so Buzz is unable to accept. Lotso and his henchmen, therefore, resort to resetting Buzz into his original, deluded space ranger character from the first film. Meanwhile, Mrs. Potato Head, through one of her eyes at Andy's house, discovers that Andy is actively searching for the toys and did not mean to throw them away and realizes that Woody was right all along.
As they prepare to leave and return to Andy, they are captured and imprisoned by Lotso and his gang, including the reset Buzz. To make sure Andy's toys follow his many rules, Lotso tosses them Woody's hat that he had been left behind and makes them think he somehow killed Woody.
He and his henchmen then return to their room, leaving Buzz in charge of the prisoners. Back at Bonnie's house, although Woody enjoys being played with again, he is still desperate to get home to Andy. Bonnie's toys help him find a map that shows Andy's house is right around the corner from Bonnie's. As Woody prepares to go home, he mentions he came from Sunnyside, which is a surprise to Bonnie's toys.
Pricklepants tell Woody that Lotso runs Sunnyside like a prison. However, one day, during a family trip at a rest stop, Daisy fell asleep and her parents took her home, accidentally leaving the toys in the countryside. They eventually returned to Daisy's house, only to find that Daisy's parents bought a new Lots-o'-Huggin' Bear toy for her.
Lotso became extremely bitter at this and told Chuckles and Big Baby that they'd all been replaced when in reality only Lotso had and forced them to leave. The toys set out on their own, and were bumped off over at Sunnyside where Lotso and Big Baby quickly rose to power, transforming the daycare into a toy prison, along with Chuckles before he got broken and escaped and was found by Bonnie.
Woody quickly realizes that he must save his friends and get back to Andy before he leaves for college. The following morning, the toys feel very regretful and badly ashamed for the horrible mistake they made and they only wished now they had never left Andy's home in the first place.
They are also shown to be heartbroken over Woody's apparent death at Lotso's hands. At the same time, Woody returns to Sunnyside inside Bonnie's backpack to rescue his friends. Before he meets up with them, he meets Chatter Telephone who tells the only way out of Sunnyside is down the garbage and in order to get there, he must first defeat a cymbal-banging monkey known as " The Monkey " who monitors the security system throughout the entire daycare to prevent toys from escaping.
Woody then reaches his friends and they happily greet him, glad to see him alive and well. After they give him his hat, they reconcile and quickly formulate an escape plan. That night, during the roll call, Mr. Potato Head distracts Lotso's gang while Woody and Slinky sneak through Sunnyside to the main office, where the Monkey works. A brief fight ensues, ending with the Monkey wrapped in adhesive tape and locked in a filing cabinet. Slinky signals to the other toys to escape.
Rex and Hamm pretend to fight while Jessie and Bullseye sneak out of their calls and trap Buzz. Business Wire. January 6, Archived from the original on August 15, Archived from the original on July 25, Archived from the original on August 4, Retrieved October 7, The Verge. Retrieved August 16, January 2, January 8, July 4, Retrieved January 6, — via Internet Archive. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 6, — via Newspapers. August 6, Retrieved May 24, Walt Disney: An American Original.
New York: Hyperion Press. Archived from the original on August 10, The Disney Films. New York: Crown. Rotten Tomatoes.
Archived from the original on August 29, Retrieved July 27, Retrieved October 25, Archived from the original on June 20, Archived from the original on January 5, Retrieved April 26, Barrier, Michael April 8, Oxford University Press.
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He reaches Taran and the others and rescues everyone. Remembering the witches' advice, Taran makes up his mind then and there that he'll sacrifice himself to destroy the black magic. Eilonwy begs him not to but is unable to stop him.
Gurgi jumps in front of him, however, and insists that he sacrifice himself instead. He Album toward the Cauldron and says his final, desolate words: "Taran has many friends Gurgi has no friends Outside, Creeper and the Horned King watch in shock as their undead army falls and dies. Blaming Creeper for the screw-up, the King chokes his slave and decides to throw him into the Cauldron to start the spell working again. Taran tells Eilonwy and Fflewddur to leave the castle while he attempts to save Gurgi.
As the King and Creeper enter the chamber, they see Taran is free. Creeper blames Taran for the incident, and the King drops him and turns his anger on the boy: "You have interfered for the last time.
Now, pig-keeper, you shall Album He attempts to throw Taran into the Cauldron, but suddenly, the wind issuing from the Cauldron turns on him, and he Album) escape. He screams in anger as he is violently sucked in. Once he's gone, Creeper begins to mourn for his master but then realizes he is now free and will never be throttled again and starts laughing. The Cauldron sinks into the ground, and the castle begins to crumble. Taran finds his friends waiting for him. They escape in a longboat as the castle explodes and falls into the water.
Creeper, still laughing, flies away on a Gwythaint. Taran and his friends have just made it to shore when the Cauldron rises from the water. Again in the form of clouds, the witches reappear, decide the heroes have no more use for the Cauldron, and prepare to take it back.
But Fflewddur reminds them that they always keep a bargain by trade. Orddu doesn't want to give up the sword, but Orda and Orwen do. Orwen gives it to Taran. Taran no longer wants the sword but will trade it instead for Gurgi's life.
Orddu deems it impossible, but when Fflewddur starts goading them, they take away the Cauldron and the sword and leave a lifeless Gurgi in the Cauldron's place. The heroes look tearfully at Gurgi, and Taran picks him up to hold him. But suddenly, Gurgi reaches for munchies and crunchies, and everyone is ecstatic to see him alive again.
Furthermore, he pushes Taran and Princess Eilonwy's heads together when they are staring at each other, and they share a kiss. They all head home together. Back at the farm, Dallben, Doli, and Hen Wen are all watching the heroes through a vision. They all agree that Taran did very well on his first adventure.
Walt Disney Productions optioned Lloyd Alexander's Newbery Medal -winning and widely acclaimed five-volume The Chronicles of Prydain series inand pre-production work began in when the film rights to Alexander's books were finally obtained.
According to Ollie Johnstonit was he and Frank Thomas that convinced the studio to produce the motion picture adaptation of the series. As fans of the book series, the two animators hoped that if the film would be done properly, it might be "as good as Snow White ".
Because of the numerous storylines and with over thirty characters in the original series, several story artists and animators worked on the development of the film throughout the s, where it was originally slated for release in Miller considered to be too advanced for the animators.
Therefore, in Augustthe studio pushed its release date back to Christmas due to the animators' inability of animating realistic human characters; its original release date would later be assumed by The Fox and the Hound.
During its development limbo, one of those writers was veteran storyboard artist Vance Gerry who was chosen to create beat storyboards that would outline the plot, action, and locations. Having set up the three principal characters, Gerry adapted the Horned King into a big-bellied Viking who had a red beard, fiery temper, and wore a steel helmet with two large horns.
Desiring an experienced British screenwriter to write the screenplay, the studio signed Rosemary Anne Sisson onto the project. The first director attached to the project was animator John Musker after he was proposed the job by production head Tom Wilhite.
As director, Musker was assigned to expand several sequences in the first act, but they were eventually deemed too comedic. When Miller decided too many people were involved, he decided Stevens was not appropriate to supervise the project so he contacted Joe Hale, who was a longtime layout artist at Disney Studios, to serve as producer.
With Hale as producer, actual production on The Black Cauldron officially began in He tossed out visual character artwork submitted by Tim Burton and along with The Fox and the Hound directors Richard Rich and Ted Berman, they desired a Sleeping Beauty -style approach and brought Milt Kahl out of retirement to create character designs for TaranPrincess EilonwyFflewddur Fflamand the other principal characters.
He and the story team including two story artists David Jonas and Al Wilson that Hale brought to the project revised the film, capsulizing the story of the first two books and making some considerable changes which led to the departure of Sisson who had creative differences with Hale and the directors.
Displeased with Vance Gerry's concept for the Horned King, the Horned King became a thin creature donning a hood and carried a spectral presence with shadowed face and glowing red eyes where Hale decided to expand his role, making him the composite villain of the several characters from the books.
Taran and Eilonwy eventually acquired elements of the past designs and costumes of earlier Disney characters, especially the latter who was drawn to resemble Princess Aurora. The production of the film, which initially lasted from torepresented the rift between the studio management of Walt Disney Productions and the newer, less-experienced animators of the studio's animation department. The second group - the newer, less-experienced animators - had always dreamt of working at Disney's animation department, were very enthusiastic about the film project, and really wanted to prove their worth by creating the film that would hearken back to the glory days of great Disney storytelling and filmmaking, as well as pushing the envelope of what can be accomplished in animation.
They also felt that they're continually bogged down by the old guard i. The first group - the studio management - on the other hand, felt that the animators are spoiled brats and commanded them to follow orders and do as they were told. This has resulted in many instances of creative differences between the two groups and the final result is that neither may have gotten exactly what they wanted.
Invented by David W. Spencer from the studio's still camera department, the animation photo transfer process shorten as the APT process was first used for The Black Cauldronwhich would enhance the technology by which the rough animation would be processed onto celluloid.
First, the rough animation would be photographed onto high-contrast litho film, and the resulting negative would be copied onto the plastic cel sheets that would transfer lines and the colors which eventually eliminated the hand-inking process.
But as the APT-transferred line art would fade off of the cels over time, most or all of the film was done using the xerographic process which had been in place at Disney since the late s. The Black Cauldron is notable for being Disney's first animated feature film to incorporate computer-generated imagery in its animation. The CGI was utilized for a lot of the film's special effects, which includes the bubbles, a boat, a floating orb of light, the Cauldron itself, the realistic flames seen near the end of the movie, and the boat that Taran and his friends used to escape the castle.
The dimensions and volume of the animated objects were fed into a computer and then their shapes were manipulated through computer programming before they were transferred as physical outlines the animators could work on. A popular set of traditional carols that might be heard at any Christmas-related event include: . These songs hearken from centuries ago, the oldest "Wexford Carol" originating in the 12th century. The newest came together in the mid- to lateth century. Many began in non-English speaking countries, often with non-Christmas themes, and were later converted into English carols with English lyrics added—not always translated from the original, but newly created—sometimes as late as the early 20th century.
Among the earliest secular Christmas songs was " The Twelve Days of Christmas ", which first appeared in in England its melody would not come until ; the English West Country carol " We Wish You a Merry Christmas " has antecedents dating to the s but was not published in its modern form until Arthur Warrell introduced it to a wider audience in As the secular mythos of the holiday such as Santa Claus in his modern form emerged in the 19th century, so too did secular Christmas songs.
Christmas music has been published as sheet music for centuries. One of the earliest collections of printed Christmas music was Piae Cantionesa Finnish songbook first published in which contained a number of songs that have survived today as well-known Christmas carols. The publication of Christmas music books in the 19th century, such as Christmas Carols, New and Old Bramley and Stainer, played an important role in widening the popular appeal of carols.
The popular books have proved to be a popular resource for choirs and church congregations in the English-speaking world, and remain in print today. The resulting list of the top ten favored Christmas carols and motets was:   . It was first performed live by Eddie Cantor on his radio show in November Tommy Dorsey and his orchestra recorded their version infollowed later by a range of artists including Frank Sinatra inthe Supremesthe Jackson 5the Beach Boysand Glenn Campbell.
Bruce Springsteen recorded a rock rendition in December Long-time Christmas classics from prior to the "rock era"  still dominate the holiday charts — such as " Let It Snow! Let It Snow! The most popular set of these titles—heard over airwaves, on the Internet, in shopping malls, in elevators and lobbies, even on the street during the Christmas season—have been composed and performed from the s onward. Songs published before are all out of copyright, are no longer subject to ASCAP royalties and thus do not appear on their list.
In addition to Bing Crosby, major acts that have popularized and successfully covered a number of the titles in the top 30 most performed Christmas songs in include Frank Sinatra, Elvis Presley, Andy Williams, and the Jackson 5.
Since the mids, much of the Christmas music produced for popular audiences has explicitly romantic overtones, only using Christmas as a setting. The s also featured the introduction of novelty songs that used the holiday as a target for satire and source for comedy. Exceptions such as " The Christmas Shoes " have re-introduced Christian themes as complementary to the secular Western themes, and myriad traditional carol cover versions by various artists have explored virtually all music genres.
Part of the wonder of music is how it helps us continue to create real memories and traditions. These treasured songs are very special to so many people and are a beloved part of ASCAP's repertoire. The top thirty most-played holiday songs for the holiday season are ranked here, all titles written or co-written by ASCAP songwriters and composers.
Most of these songs in some way describe or are reminiscent of Christmas traditions, how Western Christian countries tend to celebrate the holiday, i. Celebratory or sentimental, and nostalgic in tone, they hearken back to simpler times with memorable holiday practices—expressing the desire either to be with someone or at home for Christmas. The winter-related songs celebrate the climatic season, with all its snow, dressing up for the cold, sleighing, etc.
Many titles help define the mythical aspects of modern Christmas celebration: Santa Claus bringing presents, coming down the chimney, being pulled by reindeeretc. New mythical characters are created, defined, and popularized by these songs; " Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer ", adapted from a major retailer's promotional poem, was introduced to radio audiences by Gene Autry in His follow-up a year later introduced " Frosty the Snowman ", the central character of his song.
Though overtly religious, and authored at least partly by a writer of many church hymns, no drumming child appears in any biblical account of the Christian nativity scene. This character was introduced to the tradition by Katherine K. Davis in her " The Little Drummer Boy " written inwith a popular version being released in The above-ranking results from an aggregation of performances of all different artist versions of each cited holiday song, across all forms of media, from January 1, through December 31, The "most-hated Christmastime recording" is a rendition of "Jingle Bells" by Carl Weissmann's Singing Dogsa revolutionary novelty song originally released inand re-released as an edited version in In their "admittedly subjective" list of the top Christmas songs of all time, ThoughtCo.
A collection of chart hits recorded in a bid to be crowned the UK Christmas number one single during the s and s have become some of the most popular holiday tunes in the United Kingdom. It is also the most-played Christmas song of the 21st century in the UK. The top ten most played Christmas songs in the UK based on a survey conducted by PRS for Musicwho collect and pay royalties to its 75, song-writing and composing members, are as follows: .
The best Christmas song "to get adults and children in the festive spirit for the party season in " was judged by the Daily Mirror to be "Fairytale of New York".
Both score well ahead of all others on the list of top twenty Christmas songs in the UK. More than any other type of music, it spans and links generations with disparate musical taste buds. The Christmas number one, and to a lesser extent, the runner-up at number twobenefit from broad publicity.
Social media campaigns have been used to try to encourage sales of specific songs so that they could reach number one. These songs develop an association with Christmas or the holiday season from their chart performance, but the association tends to be shorter-lived than for the more traditionally-themed Christmas songs.
Last Christmas would go on to hold the UK record for highest-selling single not to reach No. At the turn of the 21st century, songs associated with reality shows became a frequent source of Christmas number ones in the UK. The "rival" groups produced by the series—the girl group Girls Aloud and the boy band One True Voice —finished first and second respectively on the charts.
The X Factor also typically concluded in December during its run; the winner's debut single earned the Christmas number one in at least one of the two countries every year from toand in both countries in five of those ten years.
Each year since has seen protest campaigns to outsell the X Factor single which benefits from precisely-timed release and corresponding media buzz and prevent it from reaching number one. Inas the result of a campaign intended to counter the phenomenon, Rage Against the Machine 's single " Killing in the Name " reached number one in the UK instead of that year's X Factor winner, Joe McElderry.
Situated in the southern hemispherewhere seasons are reversed from the northern, the heat of early summer in Australia affects the way Christmas is celebrated and how northern hemisphere Christmas traditions are followed. Australians generally spend Christmas outdoors, going to the beach for the day, or heading to campgrounds for a vacation. International visitors to Sydney at Christmastime often go to Bondi Beach where tens of thousands gather on Christmas Day. The tradition of an Australian Christmas Eve carol service lit by candles, started in by Victorian radio announcer Norman Bankshas taken place in Melbourne annually since then.
Carols by Candlelight events can be "huge gatherings. Some homegrown Christmas songs have become popular. William G. A verse from "Aussie Jingle Bells" makes the point:. Engine's getting hot Dodge the kangaroos Swaggie climbs aboard He is welcome too All the family is there Sitting by the pool Christmas Day, the Aussie way By the barbecue!
The Australian carols that do exist are mostly novelty re-workings of existing songs with the holly and the ivy replaced by gum trees and wattle. Santa swapping his fur hat for a corked Akubra and a token Aboriginal word is deemed sufficient to localise the celebration of the day a Middle Eastern tradesman wasn't actually born. Blandfordia nobilisalso known as Album Bells, are the specific subject of the song—with the original sheet music bearing a depiction of the blossom. The title track, written by Kelly, tells the story in a letter to his brother from a newly imprisoned man who laments how he will be missing the family Christmas.
Kelly's theme reflects a national experience with Christmas:. A lot of the early imagery of Christmas in Australia is related to isolation and distance. Lyrics have also been attributed to Benjamin Hanbywho wrote Up on the Album inbut the words commonly heard today resemble Miller's poem. James R. Brainard's Sons in The operetta Babes in Toyland featured the song "Toyland".
The film adaptation, a Laurel and Hardy musical film known by alternative titles, opened with the song. Musical parodies of the season — comical or nonsensical songs performed principally for their comical effect — are often heard around Christmas.
Many novelty songs employ unusual lyrics, subjects, sounds, or instrumentation, and may not even be particularly musical. The term arose in the Tin Pan Alley world of popular songwriting, with novelty songs achieving great popularity during the s and s. The Christmas novelty song genre, which got its start with " I Yust Go Nuts at Christmas " written by Yogi Yorgesson and sung by him with the Johnny Duffy Trio inincludes such notable titles as:.
More recent titles added to the canon include:. Seattle radio personality Bob Rivers became nationally famous for his line of novelty Christmas songs and released five albums collectively known as the Twisted Christmas quintilogy, after the name of Rivers' radio program, Twisted Radio consisting entirely of Christmas parodies from to Straight No Chaser singer Randy Stine said of the song: "We wanted a Christmas song that spoke to how informal communication has become.
Christmas novelty songs include many sung by young teens, or performed largely for the enjoyment of a young audience. Kicking off with " I Saw Mommy Kissing Santa Claus " sung by year-old Jimmy Boyd ina few other notable novelty songs written to parody the Christmas season and sung by young singers include:.
The number of Christmas novelty songs is so immense that radio host Dr. Demento devotes an entire month of weekly two-hour episodes to the format each year, and the novelty songs receive frequent requests at radio stations across the country. By far the most recorded Christmas song is " White Christmas " by Irving Berlin born Israel Isidore Beilin in Russia —who also wrote " Happy Holiday "—with well over versions in dozens of languages.
Others include:    . It was made into a hit by Darlene Love in
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