Woodstock has been regarded as culturally significant, but the Who were critical of the event. Roadie John "Wiggie" Wolff, who arranged the band's payment, described it as "a shambles". Bythe Who were widely considered one of the best and most popular live rock bands; Chris Charlesworth described their concerts as "leading to a kind of rock nirvana that most bands can only dream about".
They decided a live album would help demonstrate how different the sound at their gigs was to Tommyand set about listening to the hours of recordings they had accumulated.
Townshend baulked at the prospect of doing so, and demanded that all the tapes be burned. Instead, they booked two shows, one in Leeds on 14 February, and one in Hull the following day, with the intention of recording a live album. Technical problems from the Hull gig resulted in the Leeds gig being used, which became Live at Leeds.
Townshend wrote the song to commemorate the common man, as a contrast to the themes on Tommy. A record attendance in England which the Guinness Book of Records estimated at betweenandpeople,  the Who began their set at A. Tommy secured the Who's future, and made them millionaires.
The group reacted in different ways — Daltrey and Entwistle lived comfortably, Townshend was embarrassed at his wealth, which he felt was at odds with Meher Baba's ideals, and Moon spent frivolously. During the latter part ofTownshend plotted a follow up Tommy : Lifehousewhich was to be a multi-media project symbolising the relationship between an artist and his audience.
Townshend approached the gigs with optimism; the rest of the band were just happy to be gigging again. Things deteriorated until Townshend had a nervous breakdown and abandoned Lifehouse. Recording at the Record Plant in New York City in March was abandoned when Lambert's addiction to hard drugs interfered with his ability to produce. After touring Who's Nextand needing time to write a follow-up, Townshend insisted that the Who take a lengthy break, as they had not stopped touring since the band started.
Tensions began to emerge as Townshend believed Daltrey just wanted a money-making band and Daltrey thought Townshend's projects were getting pretentious.
Moon's behaviour was becoming increasingly destructive and problematic through excessive drinking and drugs use, and a desire to party and tour. He believed them to be no longer effective managers, which Townshend and Moon disputed. Bythe Who turned to recording the album Quadrophenia about mod and its subculture, set against clashes with Rockers in early s Britain.
The Quadrophenia tour started in Stoke on Trent in October  and was immediately beset with problems. Daltrey resisted Townshend's wish to add Joe Cocker 's keyboardist Chris Stainton who played on the album to the touring band. The show was abandoned for an "oldies" set, at the end of which Townshend smashed his guitar and Moon kicked over his drumkit.
Townshend asked the audience, "Can anyone play the drums? Bywork had begun in earnest on a Tommy film. Stigwood suggested Ken Russell as director, whose previous work Townshend had admired. David Essex auditioned for the title role, but the band persuaded Daltrey to take it. Moon had moved to Los Angeles, so they used session drummers, including Kenney Jones who would later join the Who. Elton John used his own band for "Pinball Wizard".
The film premiered on 18 March to a standing ovation. Work on Tommy took up most ofand live performances by the Who were restricted to a show in May at the Valleythe home of Charlton Athleticin front of 80, fans,  and a few dates at Madison Square Garden in June. InDaltrey and Townshend disagreed about the band's future and criticised each other via interviews in the music paper New Musical Express.
Daltrey was grateful that the Who had saved him from a career as a sheet-metal worker and was unhappy at Townshend not playing well; Townshend felt the commitment of the group prevented him from releasing solo material. After the tour, Townshend took most of the following year off to spend time with his family.
A settlement was reached, but Townshend was upset and disillusioned that Klein had attempted to take ownership of his songs. After leaving, he passed out in a doorway, where a policeman said he would not be arrested if he could stand and walk.
The events inspired the title track of the next album, Who Are You. The group reconvened in Septemberbut Townshend announced there would be no live performances for the immediate future, a decision that Daltrey endorsed.
By this point, Moon was so unhealthy that the Who conceded it would be difficult for him to cope with touring. Moon's playing was particularly lacklustre and he had gained a lot of weight,  though Daltrey later said, "even at his worst, Keith Moon was amazing.
Recording of Who Are You started in January Daltrey clashed with Johns over the production of his vocals, and Moon's drumming was so poor that Daltrey and Entwistle considered firing him. This performance was strong, and several tracks were used in the film. It was the last gig Moon performed with the Who. The album was released on 18 August, and became their biggest and fastest seller to date, peaking at No. Returning to his flat, Moon took 32 tablets of clomethiazole which had been Look At Me (Vinyl) to combat his alcohol withdrawal.
The day after Moon's death, Townshend issued the statement: "We are more determined than ever to carry on, and we want the spirit of the group to which Keith contributed so much to go on, although no human being can ever take his place.
Jones officially joined the band in November The Quadrophenia film was released that year. John Lydon was considered for Jimmy, but the role went to Phil Daniels.
Sting played Jimmy's friend and fellow mod, the Ace Face. The Jam were influenced by the Who, and critics noticed a similarity between Townshend and the group's leader, Paul Weller.
The Kids Are Alright was also completed in It was a retrospective of the band's career, directed by Jeff Stein. The film contains the Shepperton concert,  and an audio track of him playing over silent footage of himself was the last time he ever played the drums.
In December, the Who became the third band, after the Beatles and the Bandto appear on the cover of Time. The article, by Jay Cockssaid the band had outpaced, outlasted, outlived and outclassed all of their rock band contemporaries. On 3 Decembera crowd crush at a Who gig at the Riverfront ColiseumCincinnati killed 11 fans.
Some fans waiting outside mistook the band's soundcheck for the concert, and attempted to force their way inside. As only a few entrance doors were opened, a bottleneck situation ensued with thousands trying to gain entry, and the crush became deadly. The Who were not told until after the show because civic authorities feared crowd problems if the concert were cancelled. The band were deeply shaken upon learning of it and requested that appropriate safety precautions be taken in the future.
Daltrey took a break in to work on the film McVicarin which he took the lead role of bank robber John McVicar. Townshend wanted the Who to stop touring and become a studio act; Entwistle threatened to quit, saying, "I don't intend to get off the road Townshend spent part of writing material for a Who studio album owed to Warner Bros. Records from a contract in but he found himself unable to generate music appropriate for the Who and at the end of paid for himself and Jones to be released from the contract.
Townshend had announced in that he suffered from tinnitus   and alternated acoustic, rhythm and lead guitar to preserve his hearing.
It was the last studio recording to feature Entwistle. The shows included guest spots by Entwistle and Townshend. Although all three surviving original members of the Who attended, they appeared on stage together only during the finale, "Join Together", with the other guests. Daltrey toured that Tommy Butler - Turn Around with Entwistle, Zak Starkey on drums and Simon Townshend filling in for his brother as guitarist.
Despite technical difficulties the show led to a six-night residency at Madison Square Garden and a US and European tour through and In latethe Who performed as a five-piece for the first time sincewith Bundrick on keyboards and Starkey on drums.
Andy Greene in Rolling Stone called the tour better than the final one with Moon in Cocaine was a contributing factor. Entwistle's son, Christopher, gave a statement supporting the Who's decision to carry on. Townshend dedicated the show to Entwistle, and ended with a montage of pictures of him. The tour lasted until September. He decided their friendship was important, and this ultimately led to writing and recording new material.
To combat bootleggingin the band began to release the Encore Series of official soundboard recordings via themusic. An official statement read: "to satisfy this demand they have agreed to release their own official recordings to benefit worthy causes". The Who announced in that they were working on a new album. The album reached No. Amazing Journey was nominated for a Grammy Award.
He experimented with an in-ear monitoring system that was recommended by Neil Young and his audiologist. In OctoberTownshend announced the Who would stage their final tour inperforming in locations they have never played before. Townshend suggested to Mojo that it could be the group's last UK gig. Then Townshend promised the band would come back "stronger than ever". The Who embarked on the Back to the Who Tour 51! In Januarythe band announced the Moving On! A new album titled Who was released on 6 December.
In DecemberThe Who released their first studio album in thirteen years, Whoto critical acclaim. The Who have been regarded primarily as a rock band, yet have taken influence from several other styles of music during their career. InTownshend coined the term " power pop " to describe the Who's style. In the studio, they began to develop softer pieces, particularly from Tommy onwards,  and turned their attention towards albums more than singles. From the early s, the band's sound included synthesizers, particularly on Who's Next and Quadrophenia.
Townshend and Entwistle were instrumental in making extreme volumes and distortion standard rock practices. The group used feedback as part of their guitar sound, both live and in the studio. Throughout their careers, the members of the Who have said their live sound has never been captured as they wished on record. Daltrey initially based his style on Motown and rock and roll,  but from Tommy onwards he tackled a wider range of styles. Group backing vocals are prominent in the Who.
After "I Can't Explain" used session men for backing vocals, Townshend and Entwistle resolved to do better themselves on subsequent releases, producing strong backing harmonies.
Who's Next featured Daltrey and Townshend sharing the lead vocals on several songs, and biographer Dave Marsh considers the contrast between Daltrey's strong, guttural tone and Townshend's higher and gentler sound to be one of the album's highlights.
Daltrey's voice is negatively affected by marijuana smoke, to which he says he is allergic. On 20 Mayduring a Who concert at Nassau Coliseumhe smelled a joint burning and told the smoker to put it out or "the show will be over". The fan obliged, without taking Pete Townshend's advice that "the quickest way" to extinguish a joint is "up your fucking arse".
Townshend considered himself less technical than guitarists such as Eric Clapton and Jeff Beck and wanted to stand out visually instead. His rhythm playing frequently used seventh chords and suspended fourths and he is associated with the power chordan easy-to-finger chord built from the root and fifth  that has since become a fundamental part of the rock guitar vocabulary.
In the group's early career, Townshend favoured Rickenbacker guitars as they allowed him to fret rhythm guitar chords easily and move the neck back and forwards to create vibrato.
A distinctive part of the original band's sound was Entwistle's lead bass playing, while Townshend concentrated on rhythm and chords. Moon further strengthened the reversal of traditional rock instrumentation by playing lead parts on his drums.
He avoided the hi-hatand concentrated on a mix of tom rolls and cymbals. Jones' drumming style was in sharp contrast to Moon's.
The Who were initially enthusiastic about working with a completely different drummer,  though Townshend later stated, "we've never really been able to replace Keith.
Starkey has been praised for his playing style which echoes Moon's without being a copy. Townshend focused on writing meaningful lyrics  inspired by Bob Dylanwhose words dealt with subjects other than boy—girl relationships that were common in rock music; in contrast to Dylan's intellectualism, Townshend believed his lyrics should be about things kids could relate to.
Entwistle's songs, by contrast, typically feature black humour and darker themes. We have absolutely nothing in common apart from music.
The Who are perceived as having had a poor working relationship. In the original band, Sandom had been the peacemaker and settled disputes. Moon, by contrast, was as volatile as Daltrey and Townshend. Entwistle was too passive to become involved in arguments. The only genuine friendship in the Who during the s was between Entwistle and Moon. The pair enjoyed each other's sense of humour and shared a fondness for clubbing. Journalist Richard Green noted a "chemistry of playfullness that would go beyond playfullness".
The group regularly argued in the press,  though Townshend said disputes were amplified in print and the group simply found it difficult to agree on things. Tommy Butler - Turn Around death came as a shock to both Townshend and Daltrey, and caused them to re-evaluate their relationship. Townshend has said that he and Daltrey have since become close friends.
The Who are one of the most influential rock bands of the 20th century. The group's contributions to rock include the power chord windmill strum  and the use of non-musical instrument noise such as feedback. Pink Floyd began to use feedback from their early shows ininspired by the Who, whom they considered a formative influence.
The loud volume of the band's live show influenced the Tommy Butler - Turn Around of hard rock and heavy metal. The Who have inspired many tribute bands; Daltrey has endorsed the Whodlumswho raise money for the Teenage Cancer Trust. During the Who's hiatuses in the s and 90s, Townshend developed his skills as a music publisher to be financially successful from the Who without recording or touring. He countered criticism of "selling out" by saying that licensing the songs to other media allows a wider exposure and widens the group's appeal.
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Custom built for Iommi by BC Rich. Features include Dimarzio pick-ups, two built-in preamps, scalloped fretboard and Iommi's trademark cross inlays. A rare left-handed version of the jazz guitarist Barney Kessel artist model, built sometime in the first half of the s. Originally a regular right-handed version in red finish that was converted by Epiphone to a left-handed version to fit Iommi.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. British guitarist. For the album, see Iommi album. For other uses, see Iommi disambiguation. Heavy metal doom metal hard rock blues rock. Warner Bros. Susan Snowdon. Melinda Diaz. Valery Iommi. Musical artist. Main article: Jethro Tull band. Main article: Black Sabbath. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
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