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Cyanide

Retrieved 8 October Retrieved 11 July Monterey Institute of International Studies. Archived from the original PDF on 26 November Time magazine. Archived from the original on 10 January Retrieved 20 January Guest editor eds.

Metal Ions in Life Sciences. Berlin: de Gruyter GmbH. ICD - 10 : T Poisoning Toxicity Overdose. History of poison. Sulfuric acid Selenium Chlorine Fluoride. Pesticides Aluminium phosphide Organophosphates. Cyanide Nicotine Nitrogen dioxide poisoning. Digoxin Dipyridamole. Category Commons WikiProject.

Categories : Cyanides Neurotoxins Toxic effects of substances chiefly nonmedicinal as to source. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version.

Cyanide toxicity, hydrocyanic acid poisoning [1]. Toxicologycritical care medicine. Early : headache, dizziness, fast heart rateshortness of breath, vomiting [2] Later : seizuresslow heart ratelow blood pressure, loss of consciousness, cardiac arrest [2]. Few minutes [2] [3]. Cyanide compounds [4]. House firemetal polishingcertain insecticideseating seeds such as from apples [2] [3] [5]. Based on symptoms, high blood lactate [2]. The nitrites oxidize some of the hemoglobin's iron from the ferrous state to the ferric state, converting the hemoglobin into methemoglobin.

The evidence for sodium thiosulfate 's use is based on animal studies and case reports: the small quantities of cyanide present in dietary sources and in cigarette smoke are normally metabolized to relatively harmless thiocyanate by the mitochondrial enzyme rhodanese thiosulfate cyanide sulfurtransferasewhich uses thiosulfate as a substrate. However, this reaction occurs too slowly in the body for thiosulfate to be adequate by itself in acute cyanide poisoning. Thiosulfate must therefore be used in combination with nitrites.

Hydroxocobalamina form or vitamer of vitamin B 12 made by bacteria, and sometimes denoted vitamin B 12ais used to bind cyanide to form the harmless cyanocobalamin form of vitamin B Cobalt ions, being chemically similar to iron ions, can also bind cyanide. This agent chelates cyanide as the cobalticyanide. This drug provides an antidote effect more quickly than formation of methemoglobin, but a clear superiority to methemoglobin formation has not been demonstrated.

For instance, millipedes, moths, beetles, centipedes and even butterflies are known for synthesizing and excreting cyanide as Cyanide move. People often confuse cyanide as a heavy metal. Some even think it is radioactive. Many believe that it can lead to cell mutation in humans. All these are mere myths. They are not true at all.

Cyanide is actually a compound on its own. It is formed when carbon atoms and nitrogen atoms come together and join using triple bonds a bit of chemistry that you can safely ignore if you want to.

This compound actually combines Cyanide other metals and elements to for several other complex compounds. Those complex compounds can breakup to release cyanide. It is true that cyanide in few forms is really toxic but it has a really bad reputation, which is worse than the toxicity. Thanks to many movies that created the myth that cyanide poisoning invariably kills. The truth is that cyanide poisoning can be treated and antidotes are available.

Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. It was something they talked about at meetings: the best ways to do it. Cyanide thought about guillotines, lining everyone up in front of a ditch and shooting them in the head.

Eventually, the idea of poison started coming up during these brainstorming sessions. What about using poison, specifically? Why not use one of the other methods?

Who made it? Larry Schacht, and he had a couple of nurses as well. He was the Jonestown physician. He was a guy Jim Jones had taken off the streets. Jones had an uncanny ability for putting people in positions where he Cyanide they would Cyanide.

How did he know how to make the poison correctly, with the right proportions of each ingredient? However, regarding the main clinical condition of cyanide poisoning, i. Sodium thiosulfate is both efficient and safe, but acts with Cyanide.

Methemoglobin-forming agents are potent, but due to the transformation of hemoglobin into methemoglobin, they impair tissue delivery of oxygen. Experimental data showed increased mortality in carbon monoxide- and cyanide-poisoned rats treated with these agents. Cobalt EDTA and hydroxocobalamin are efficient and act immediately. Michael Hodgson, hodgson. Dionne Williams, williams. Expert consensus guidelines for stocking of antidotes in hospitals that provide emergency care. Annals of Emergency Medicine ;71 3 Products approved for chemical emergencies: products for cyanide poisoning.

Updated September 27,

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9 Responses to Cyanide

  1. Mukora says:

    Apr 04,  · What cyanide is. Cyanide is a rapidly acting, potentially deadly chemical that can exist in various forms. Cyanide can be a colorless gas, such as hydrogen cyanide (HCN) or cyanogen chloride (CNCl), or a crystal form such as sodium cyanide (NaCN) or potassium cyanide (KCN).

  2. Kigabar says:

    Hydrogen cyanide is a pale blue or colorless liquid at room temperature and is a colorless gas at higher temperatures. It has a bitter almond odor. Sodium cyanide and potassium cyanide are white powders which may have a bitter almond-like odor. Other chemicals called cyanogens can generate cyanides.

  3. Vik says:

    Cyanide is used in a number of industries and is found at low levels in air from car exhaust. Cyanide is extremely toxic to humans. Chronic (long-term) inhalation exposure of humans to cyanide results primarily in effects on the central nervous system (CNS). Other effects in humans include cardiovascular and respiratory effects, an enlarged Molecular Formula: CN.

  4. Arakazahn says:

    Cyanide, any compound containing the monovalent combining group CN. In inorganic cyanides, such as sodium cyanide (NaCN), this group is present as the negatively charged cyanide ion; these compounds, which are regarded as salts of hydrocyanic acid, are highly brandez.bizc cyanides are usually called nitriles; in these, the CN group is linked by a covalent bond to a .

  5. Tygok says:

    Jan 25,  · Cyanide poisoning is brandez.biz it does occur, it’s typically the result of smoke inhalation or accidental poisoning when working with or Author: George Citroner.

  6. Batilar says:

    Cyanide exists in gaseous, liquid, and solid forms. Hydrogen cyanide (HCN, also known as prussic acid) is a volatile liquid that boils at ° C (° F). Potassium and sodium cyanide salts are water soluble, whereas mercury, copper, gold, and silver cyanide salts are .

  7. Moogukus says:

    Nov 18,  · The cyanide ion, CN-, binds to the iron atom in cytochrome C oxidase in the mitochondria of cells. It acts as an irreversible enzyme inhibitor, preventing cytochrome C oxidase from doing its job, which is to transport electrons to oxygen in the electron transport chain of aerobic cellular brandez.bizt the ability to use oxygen, mitochondria can't produce the Estimated Reading Time: 6 mins.

  8. Brakora says:

    Sep 26,  · Some cyanide such as potassium cyanide and Sodium cyanide is in white powder form and smell like bitter almond. Cyanide-containing compounds and cyanide are used in plastics, drug and dye companies, photo developing, etc. Cyanide is created by some industrial process such as wastewater treatment, steel production, etc. Properties of Cyanide Estimated Reading Time: 2 mins.

  9. Arashiramar says:

    Feb 17,  · Cyanide is a rapidly acting substance that is traditionally known as a poison. Hydrogen cyanide was first isolated from Prussian blue dye in , and cyanide first extracted from almonds around Cyanide can exist as a gas, hydrogen cyanide, a salt, potassium cyanide. Natural substances in some foods such as lima beans, almonds can release cyanide.

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